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Saturday, July 25, 2020 | History

5 edition of Lithic raw material variability and the reduction of short-term-use implements found in the catalog.

Lithic raw material variability and the reduction of short-term-use implements

an example from northwestern New Mexico

by Harry Joseph Lerner

  • 50 Want to read
  • 40 Currently reading

Published by Archaeopress in Oxford .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Indians of North America -- New Mexico,
  • Stone implements -- New Mexico,
  • Tools, Prehistoric -- New Mexico,
  • Excavations (Archaeology) -- New Mexico,
  • New Mexico -- Antiquities

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references (p. 113-130).

    StatementHarry Joseph Lerner.
    SeriesBAR international series -- 1688
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsE78.N65 L47 2007
    The Physical Object
    Paginationix, 170 p. :
    Number of Pages170
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16635467M
    ISBN 101407301268
    ISBN 109781407301266
    LC Control Number2007531361

    To increase resolution on this matter, this study implements quantitative methods to investigate lithic production strategies at these sites. Results expand upon previous findings concerning differences in raw material use and knapping methods and how these patterns relate to core reduction . This case study documents raw material use at flaking loci, description of cores, flakes, flake tools, limaces, bifaces, and lithic reduction practices of the Paijan site occupants. In addition to providing a detailed history of stone tool flaking activities, raw material acquisition patterns combined with regional survey data provide the.

    other sites discussed in this volume, tool function heavily influenced the lithic raw material selection of individuals at Skink Rockshelter. The effects of retouch and hafted-biface reduction can also be factored into the evaluation of lithic raw material use variability and toolkit composition at Skink Rockshelter. Reduction, recycling, and raw material procurement in western Arnhem Land, Australia (Peter Hiscock). Part II: Technological and Assemblage Variability. 7. Paleolithic exploitation of rounded and sub-angular quartzites in the Indian Subcontinent (Parth Chauhan). 8. Filling the void: lithic raw material utilization during the Hungarian.

    that direct quarrying from lithic source areas can provide substantial yields but that procurement costs are often very high because much more time and labor must be spent on the excavation, testing and initial reduction of the raw material (Figure ). Surface procurement of lithic raw material can reduce the time and effort.   The Tyrolean Iceman, a 5,year-old glacier mummy recovered at the Tisenjoch (South Tyrol, Italy) together with his clothes and personal equipment, represents a unique opportunity for prehistoric research. The present work examines the Iceman’s tools which are made from chert or are related to chert working - dagger, two arrowheads, endscraper, borer, small flake and antler retoucher .


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Lithic raw material variability and the reduction of short-term-use implements by Harry Joseph Lerner Download PDF EPUB FB2

Lithic Raw Material Variability and the Reduction of Short-Term-Use Implements: An Example from Northwestern New Mexico (BAR International Series) [Harry Joseph Lerner] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Chipped stone tools are a truly dynamic medium of material culture. From initial reduction to contemporary excavationCited by: 7. Get this from a library. Lithic raw material variability and the reduction of short-term-use implements: an example from northwestern New Mexico.

[Harry Joseph Lerner] -- "Chipped stone tools are a truly dynamic medium of material culture. From initial reduction to contemporary excavation, lithic artifacts undergo continuous change. Lithic raw material variability and the reduction of short-term use implements: an example from Northwestern New Mexico.

By Harry Joseph. Lerner. Abstract. Chipped stone tools are a truly dynamic medium of material culture. From initial reduction to contemporary excavation, lithic artifacts undergo continuous change. The role of the Author: Harry Joseph.

Lerner. This paper presents a systematic re-evaluation of Brantingham’s (American Antiquity, 68(3),) neutral model of raw material procurement. I demonstrate that, in its original form, the model is ill-suited to the identification of archaeologically visible patterns, as it can only simulate processes governing the composition of toolkits and these differ substantially from those Cited by: record suggests that the availability of lithic raw materials plays a primary role in the amount of effort expended to produce various types of tools.

O'Connell's work with the central Australian aborigines shows that variation in the lithic assemblage is primarily due to the availability of lithic raw materials. O'Connell () concluded. the book is composed of lithic analysis case studies.

Chapters8 and 9 contain nature of variability in lithic raw materials. Chapter3 describes how lithic raw materials are classified. Rocks used for the production of chipped stone tools are Within this context, lithic raw-material.

The distribution and availability of lithic raw materials are undeni- ably important in stipulating how humans manufactured, used, and reconfigured stone tools. Because lithic raw materials can often be provenanced, they provide robust information about the circulation of stone, and by inference, the circulation of people across the land- scape.

Although lithic raw material data suggest that Kirk groups were highly mobile (e.g., see this paper) the area of the "horizon" is much too large for it to be the product of a single group of people: the hunter-gatherers discarding Kirk points in Ontario are not the same individuals as those discarding Kirk points in.

Reduction Models and Lithic Variability in the Middle Palaeolithic of Southwest France P. B, Pettitt Introduction The study of Neanderthal behaviour is a cenlral topic in current discussions of the origins of analOmically modem humans and Ihe apparently concomi­ tant 'Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition'.

A major theme of the debate. Lithic Technology Dibble, H. Local raw material exploitation and its effects on lower and middle paleolithic assemblage variability.

In Raw Material Economies among Prehistoric Hunter-Gatherers, edited by A. Montet-White and S. Holen, pp. University of Kansas Publications in Anthropology book explains the fundamental principles of the measurement, recording and analysis of stone tools and stone tool production debris.

Introducing the reader to lithic raw materials, classification, terminology and key concepts, it comprehensively explores methods and techniques, presenting detailed case studies of lithic analysis from around the world.

context, the raw materials used for making pottery and ceramics, those used in prestige items and as colouring materials, the objectives, changes and procedures of heat treatment and also mechanical experiments to test their physical properties.

This book contains. H. LernerLithic Raw Material Variability and the Reduction of Short-term Use Implements: an Example from Northwestern New Mexico. BAR I.S, vol. Archaeopress, Oxford () Google Scholar.

Lerner et al., H. Lerner, X. Du, A. Costopoulos, M. Ostoja-StarzewskiLithic raw material physical properties and use-wear accrual.

Lithic Raw Material Variability and the Reduction of Short-Term-Use Implements: An example from northwestern New Mexico: An example from northwestern New Mexico Book Jan variability of lithic raw materials both within and between types.

Given the internal heterogeneity of lithic raw material sources and the idiosyncrasies of the technological process (in-cluding tool production and use), an individual stone tool can be seen as a unique combination of raw material structure, composition and morphology.

This book is a fully updated and revised edition of William Andrefsky Jr's ground-breaking manual on lithic analysis.

Designed for students and professional archaeologists, this highly illustrated book explains the fundamental principles of the measurement, recording and analysis of stone tools and stone tool production debris. stone tool production is a sequence; understanding the behavior can tell us about past behavior and site types; frequency of stone tool and flake types will be a function of proximity to raw material sites; use wear studies can inform on the function of stone tools.

Description: This book is a fully updated and revised edition of William Andrefsky Jr's ground-breaking manual on lithic analysis. Designed for students and professional archaeologists, this highly illustrated book explains the fundamental principles of the measurement, recording and analysis of stone tools and stone tool production debris.

Lithic Raw Material Variability and the Reduction of Short-term Use Implements: An Example from Northwestern New Mexico: An example from northwestern New Mexico (Paperback) Harry Joseph Lerner Published by BAR Publishing, United Kingdom (). Macroscopic analytical techniques to define lithic raw material variation should use the same basic language adapted from geology and in consultation with professional geologists.

The Office of State Archaeology has sponsored the creation of this website to provide archaeologists with a general source of information regarding basic geology with.

4 Sourcing Raw Materials for Chipped Stone Artifacts: The State-of-the-Art in Hungary and the Carpathian Basin 47 Katalin T. Biró 5 Upper Paleolithic Toolstone Procurement and Selection Across Beringia 54 Kelly E.

Graf and Ted Goebel 6 Reduction, Recycling, and Raw Material Procurement in Western Arnhem Land, Australia 78 Peter Hiscock. diversity—raw material availability, raw material quality, and the ratio of tool producers to tool users.

Their conclu-sions suggest that the diversity of core reduction techniques in diverse temporal and cultural assemblages is primarily a reflection of these three factors.

Part I of Lithic Technology presents a thorough expla. All lithic raw materials were collected from secondary deposits at various locations throughout northwestern New Mexico. Controlled experiments were designed to minimize the effects of other sources of variation in an effort to clarify the role of raw material variability in the use-wear formation process.